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Handmade Wool carpet is hard to beat in look, feel and design. A lot of us are searching and willing to spend a little bit more money to find right carpet as center peace for our place we are designing.
Is wool carpet resilient and easy to care?
Yes it is but there are some advice or tips I would recommend. In general, wool carpets, if treated right, can last really long time. Material It self is highly resilient so its shape will stays the same years after. Make sure you avoid exposing it to sun to much. Lots of sun could fade carpet. Also wool carpets absorb water. Try to avoid keeping it in places with a lot of moisture and be carefull not to spill liquid over. If it happens, read my blog post on how to clean Area rugs on Hardwood floors and are polypropylene rugs safe for my floors.
Wool ranks very high compared to other man-made when we are taking about oil stains made becouse of cooking and cleaning. They will not be visible as compared to other fabrics. Wool will hide them really well. With spillage we need to be a bit more carefull and act quick. Most of the spillage stains will be possible to remove such as coffee, chocolate or food. You need first to remove excess liquid of the carpet with dry cloth. After mix in a bowl cold water with white vinegar and wool detergent. Put half each inside. Take dry cloth end scrub stain gently towards inside stopping it to spread. If you spill paint or some other hard to remove liquid, take it to cleaning specialist for proffesional treatment.
Natural and Hypoallergenic
Wool as you know is completely natural, taken out of sheeps back and produced without any chemicals. Becouse of this, it is Hypoallergenic and ideal for those who have problems with alergie.
Natural Heat insulator and fire resistant
Wool doesn’t melt like other man-made carpets if something would burn on carpet itself (matches, candle or cigaret). Still damage would happen so try to avoid having those potential fire items near your investment. It is also great Insulator keeping heat inside longer at winter and helping cooling down place at summer. I don’t know if your heating bills will be lower but it would definitely help.
We know two main type of carpets: Machin-woven and Hand-woven.
Hand-weaving wool carpets are most wanted type of carpets. They used to be very expensive but nowdays if you know where to look, you can find beautiful handmade designs at affordable price. Key factory for setting their price and overall quality high would be density of knots per 1 square inch or in Europe number of knots made in 1 square meter. In average ordinary carpets have 90-150 knots per inch. With numbe rof knots also priče increase singnificaly. Hand-woven carpets made of pure wool will be soft with beautiful patterns revealing art in his best form.
Machine-weaving wool carpets are less expensive than hand made arts. Becouse of their durability and fire resistancy are used for quest rooms flooring, stairs, hotels and restaurants. They can look amazing if you choose correct patterns.
Handmade Wool carpet techniques
Hand Weaving carpets require high level of skills by person or weaver to craft them. We know several different types of weaving techniques that can be used to produce carpets with different design look and feel. Let’s describe them.
Hand-knotted wool carpets
Most know Hand made carpets are produced in India, China and Persia. Oriental countries started producing Hand-knotted carpets centuries ago and India is one of its famous. Indian variety of Hand-knotted carpets are made on specially designed looms in a carpet factory. When weaver decide design of the carpet, he places it on the loom where specialy wraps are made vertically. Wraps are used to make knots on them. Knots are cut before moving on to subsequent knot. When all knots are made in horizontal line, waver arranges them across the wrap.
Number of knots and type of knots will offer different results and feel to the carpet. Also when number of knots per square metre increases, quality, durability and price of carpet gets higher. Weft made of wool, silk or cotton is inserted after all knots are made. This will give suitable thickness to the carpet and ensure stability. After all knots are made, carpet needs to go through process od washing, leveling knots and adding final luster.
Hand-knotted are classified into different types or categories. Turkish Hand-knotted carpets are made using symmetrical weaving knots and on the other hand Persian Hand-knotted carpets with asymmetrical weaving knots. Jufti knots are mix of Turkish and Persian knots present on same carpet.
Hand tufted wool carpets
This technique is involving a tufting gun with needles infront. Artisans put pattern design on cotton fabric, which they stretch over a frame. This weaving process is faster than hand knotted so carpets should be cheaper to buy. Wool Material used in this process are mainly low to medium quality. The gun used in tufting leads to faster production and design patterns can be very precise
Hand-loom wool carpets
Hand-loom knotted wool carpets are waved using vertical and horizontal Looms. In this technique Artisans are working from bottom to topc cteating different patterns and designs. Loom grips wrap and weft threads and interweave them together. Yarn needs to be stretched and fastened to the loom. If we want to create pile, we need to wrapp fibre around special rod and then cut on equal hight. With this technique we can create wide range of carpet finishes from simple to shaggy type carpets.
Hand woven wool carpets
Hand woven wool carpets are hand weaved with technique which is known for lack of pile. It is very Hard to make and expert knowledge of artisans is needed. This flat carpets can be made with highly detailed patterns. Best known type is Kilim, created using a flatweave technique. It is created by interweaving different colored wefts and warps by using pressure to hold the rug together.